The lion's share of all renewable energy comes from solar power, and its percentage is growing at a blistering pace, surpassing wind, hydropower, and bioenergy. According to recent findings, solar power is set to overtake coal, becoming the world's biggest source of energy by 2027. The total solar PV capacity will nearly triple, adding a whopping 1,500 gigawatts over the next few years.

solar energy share

That means it'll zoom past natural gas by 2026 and leave coal in the dust by 2027. And get this—every year for the next five years, we're going to see even more solar panels popping up everywhere. It's like a solar power boom! That’s the entry point for solar tracking systems to maximize the efficiency of solar panels and get the most out of renewable energy.

Today, I would like to share the latest insights from the tech side to help you navigate the deep waters of software development and maximize your ROI.

Software-Enabled Solar Tracking Systems Explained

Solar tracking systems represent a significant advancement in solar technology, leveraging hardware and software components to maximize energy capture. These systems adjust the orientation of solar panels throughout the day to follow the sun's trajectory, optimizing the angle of incidence and thus increasing energy efficiency.

Software plays a crucial role in this process, providing intelligent control and adjustments based on real-time solar tracking data and environmental data. This integration of software into solar tracking elevates the potential of solar installations, offering a more dynamic and responsive approach to solar energy collection.

solar tracking system vs fixed solar system

The role of software components in these solar panel and sun tracking systems is pivotal. It's not just about mechanical movements—it's about smart, precise, and responsive adjustments.

These software-enabled solar solutions employ sophisticated algorithms that calculate the optimal position of the solar panels at any given time of the day, factoring in the sun's trajectory. Some systems are even more advanced, taking into account real-time environmental data like weather conditions, which can impact the effectiveness of solar energy collection. This adaptability is key to ensuring that the solar panels are always positioned in the most effective way to capture sunlight, regardless of the time of day or the season.

Moreover, this integration of software into solar tracking systems is transforming the way solar installations operate. Traditionally, solar panels were fixed in one position, often calculated to capture maximum sunlight at only certain times of the day or year. However, with the advent of smart solar panel tracking systems, this limitation is overcome. These systems are dynamic and responsive, adjusting continuously, thus making solar energy collection more efficient and reliable.

This technology also opens up new possibilities for roof- and ground-mounted solar tracking systems in various locations and orientations. While fixed solar panels might be less effective in certain areas due to their static nature, tracking systems can adapt to a wider range of conditions, making solar energy a viable option in more places. By effectively following the sun from sunrise to sunset, these tracking systems ensure that the solar panels operate at their highest potential throughout the day.

The use of software in solar tracking systems allows for remote monitoring and control. This means that the performance of solar panels can be monitored in real-time, and adjustments can be made remotely to optimize their efficiency. This solar tracking technology is particularly beneficial for large-scale solar installations, where manual monitoring and adjustment of each panel would be impractical.

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Software-enabled solar tracking systems represent a significant leap forward in solar technology. By combining mechanical movements with intelligent software controls, these systems ensure that solar panels can capture the maximum amount of solar energy possible, adapting in real time to the sun's position and environmental conditions.

This advancement not only enhances the efficiency of solar panels but also expands the potential for solar energy across different geographical and climatic conditions, marking a new era in renewable energy technology.

Key components of a solar tracking system

  • Solar panels: These are the primary elements that convert sunlight into electrical energy.
  • Mechanical tracking components: This includes motors and gears that physically move the solar panels. They adjust the panels' orientation to follow the sun's path.
  • Sensors: Typically, these are light sensors that detect the sun's position. They provide real-time data about the intensity and direction of sunlight.
  • Control units: This is the brain of the system. It processes data from the sensors and employs algorithms to determine the optimal position for the solar panels. It then sends commands to the mechanical components to adjust the panels accordingly.
  • Power supply: This ensures all electronic components, including sensors and motors, have the required power to operate.
  • Communication interface: This allows the system to be monitored and controlled remotely, often via a wireless or internet-connected setup.

What Are the Key Advantages of Using Solar Trackers?

Solar trackers are a transformative technology in the field of solar energy, offering several significant advantages that enhance the overall performance and viability of solar power systems. Here's a more detailed look at these benefits:

Increased energy output:

  • Maximizing sunlight capture: Solar trackers continually adjust the angle of the solar panels to face the sun directly, enabling them to capture more sunlight throughout the day. This is particularly effective during mornings and evenings when the sun is low in the sky.
  • Enhanced efficiency: Due to their ability to follow the sun, trackers significantly increase the efficiency of solar panels. By maintaining the optimal angle, they ensure that panels receive the maximum possible sunlight, leading to higher energy generation compared to fixed panels.
  • Impact on power generation: This increased efficiency translates into a higher overall power output. In certain installations, the use of solar trackers can lead to a noticeable increase in electricity generation, making them especially valuable in areas with high solar potential.

Cost savings:

  • Return on investment: While the initial setup cost for solar trackers can be higher than for static panels, enhanced energy production often means a faster return on investment. Over time, the additional energy generated can significantly offset the initial costs.
  • Reduced energy bills: For residential and commercial users, the increased energy output means lower reliance on grid electricity, leading to reduced energy bills. In some cases, surplus energy can even be sold back to the grid, creating an additional income stream.
  • Long-term financial benefits: Considering the lifespan of solar panels and trackers, the long-term financial benefits can be substantial, especially in regions with high solar insolation.

Efficient space utilization:

  • Optimal use of limited space: In areas where space is at a premium, such as urban settings or small-scale residential installations, maximizing energy output per unit area is crucial. Solar trackers make this possible by enhancing the energy production of each panel.
  • Suitability for various installations: Trackers can be particularly beneficial in large-scale solar farms where the aim is to extract the maximum possible energy from the available land. They are also increasingly being considered for smaller installations where space constraints are a significant consideration.
  • Adaptability to different environments: The ability to adjust to the sun’s position means that solar trackers can be effective in a variety of geographical locations, making solar energy more feasible and efficient in areas that might not be suitable for fixed solar panels.

In short, tracking systems for solar panels offer a compelling array of advantages, including significantly increased energy output, in-depth solar tracking analytics, potential for substantial cost savings, and more efficient use of space. These benefits make them an attractive option for a wide range of solar installations, from large-scale solar farms to residential and commercial setups, particularly in regions with strong solar resources.

As with anything in the world, solar trackers come with challenges. The good news is that our engineers have 9+ years of experience with renewable energy software development and know how to get the most out of them, bypassing all the hidden snags.

Key Challenges in Implementing Solar Trackers

Despite their benefits, implementing software-controlled solar arrays comes with a set of challenges that need careful consideration. These challenges not only impact the initial setup, but also influence long-term operational efficiency and viability. Here's an expanded view of these challenges:

Higher initial costs

  • Complex system design: The advanced technology and mechanical components involved in solar trackers make them more complex and expensive to manufacture and install compared to traditional fixed solar panels.
  • Installation and setup: The cost of installation is also higher due to the need for specialized skills and equipment to correctly set up the tracking systems.
  • Financial planning: For businesses and homeowners, this higher initial outlay requires careful financial planning and consideration of long-term returns.

Maintenance needs

  • Regular servicing: The moving parts in solar trackers, such as motors and gears, require regular maintenance to ensure smooth operation. This can lead to increased ongoing costs and the need for technical expertise.
  • Software updates: The sophisticated software that controls these systems also needs regular updates and maintenance to ensure it functions correctly and efficiently.
  • Risk of breakdowns: With more complex systems, there is an increased risk of breakdowns, which can lead to downtime and potential loss of energy generation.

Geographic and weather suitability

  • Variable solar irradiance: In regions with low solar irradiance, the cost-benefit ratio of installing solar trackers might not be justifiable.
  • Adverse weather conditions: Trackers can be vulnerable to extreme weather conditions like heavy snowfall, which can impede their movement, or high winds, which can cause mechanical wear or damage.


  • Modular approach: At Techstack, scalability is addressed through a modular approach, which allows systems to be scaled up or down as needed. This flexibility is crucial for adapting to changing energy requirements without disrupting operational workflows.
  • Integration challenges: Scaling solar tracking systems involves integrating additional hardware and software components, which can be complex and resource-intensive.

Diverse hardware compatibility

  • Interoperability issues: The need to work with a wide range of hardware providers introduces challenges in ensuring interoperability between different components.
  • Software complexity: Each hardware component may require specific software adjustments or customizations, increasing the complexity and resource needs for system integration.

Techstack Case

We provided outstaffing services for our partner to help develop a custom cloud platform for EV charging stations and enhance user experience and operational efficiency. This involved creating an MVP of an IoT server for seamless communication and efficient monitoring of charging stations, incorporating a tagging system for the storage and analysis of historical data. Secure data transfer to the cloud was prioritized, ensuring robust encryption and data reliability. Additionally, OpenADR VEN implementation allowed for integration with demand response programs. Our outstaffing partnership provided the necessary expertise, accelerating development and giving our partner a competitive edge in the EV charging sector.

The landscape of solar tracking technology is rapidly evolving, with future trends indicating a shift towards more sophisticated and efficient systems. Here's what our experts think about future trends in solar tracking technology:

Advanced software algorithms

  • Smart optimization: Future solar trackers will likely employ more advanced solar tracking algorithms capable of predicting solar patterns and adjusting panels preemptively for optimal exposure.
  • Machine learning integration: Integration with machine learning could enable trackers to adapt to changing environmental conditions more effectively, learning from past data to optimize positioning.

Materials science innovations

  • Lighter, stronger materials: The development of new materials could lead to lighter, more durable trackers that are less expensive to manufacture and install.
  • Sustainability focus: There will be a growing emphasis on using environmentally friendly materials in the construction of solar trackers to further enhance the sustainability of solar power.

Integration with emerging technologies

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI integration is expected to bring about smarter and more autonomous solar tracking systems, capable of self-diagnosing and even self-repairing to some extent.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): IoT connectivity would allow for real-time data collection and analysis from multiple trackers, enabling more coordinated and efficient operations across large solar farms.

Improved efficiency and cost reduction

  • Higher energy output: Continuous innovation in solar tracking technology will keep pushing the boundaries of energy output efficiency.
  • Cost-effective solutions: As the technology matures, the cost of solar trackers is expected to decrease, making them more accessible for both large-scale and smaller installations.

Enhanced environmental adaptability

  • Robust designs for extreme weather: Future trackers will likely be designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, increasing their viability in a broader range of geographic locations.
  • Adaptive positioning for variable climates: Trackers will become more adaptable to different climatic conditions, ensuring consistent performance regardless of environmental variability.

Market growth and expansion

  • Increased demand for renewable energy: The global push for renewable energy sources is set to fuel the growth of the solar tracker market.
  • Diversification into new markets: As technology becomes more affordable and adaptable, solar trackers will likely see increased adoption in previously untapped markets, both geographically and in terms of application sectors.
solar tracking system market size by type

The future of solar tracking technology is marked by a confluence of advancements in software, material science, and emerging technologies like AI and IoT. These developments not only promise to enhance the efficiency and reduce the costs of solar trackers, but also expand their applicability to a wider range of environments and markets. As the world increasingly turns towards renewable energy, solar tracking technology stands at the forefront, ready to meet the growing demand with innovative solutions.

Adding to this dynamic landscape, our engineers are consistently at the cutting edge of these technological advancements. They stay abreast of the latest trends and innovations in solar tracking, ensuring that we remain at the forefront of this evolving industry. Our team's dedication to continuous learning and adaptation positions us uniquely to integrate the newest and most effective solutions in our solar tracking offerings.

Summing Up

As we've explored the vast potential and intricacies of software-enabled solar tracking systems, it's clear that solar power is not just part of our energy mix—it's becoming a dominant force. With solar PV capacity set to triple in the coming years, surpassing coal and natural gas, the role of solar tracking technology becomes more crucial than ever.

At the core of this solar revolution, our engineers and tech experts at Techstack are committed to harnessing these advancements for a sustainable future. Our deep expertise in solar technology and software development places us in an ideal position to help you navigate the complexities of solar energy systems. We understand the nuances of maximizing ROI in solar investments and are ready to guide you through each step as your trusted software development company.

In partnering with us, you're choosing a future where renewable energy is more than just an alternative; it becomes the backbone of our energy landscape. Contact us today, and let's take the first step in transforming your solar energy aspirations into reality. With Techstack, you're not just investing in solar technology; you're investing in a brighter, cleaner future for us all.